A nation's competitive edge rests on its ability to innovate, to
create, to maintain an environment conducive to innovation and
creativity. Intellectual Property (IP) means the intangible
property, which is created with intellect such as inventions,
books, paintings, songs, symbols, names, images, or designs used
in business, etc. Legal rights conferred on such property are
called Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs).
In India, the registration and protection of Geographical Indications (GI) is based on sui-generis legislation, Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999. As per this Act, Geographical Indications refers to an indication which identifies goods as agricultural, natural or manufactured goods (including handicrafts, textiles and processed food items) as originating, or manufactured in a definite geographical territory, where a given quality, reputation or other characteristic of such goods is essentially attributable to its geographical origin; in case of manufactured goods, one of the activities of either production or processing or preparation takes place in such territory, region or locality.
GIs are part of our collective and intellectual heritage that needs to be protected and promoted. Goods protected and registered as GI are categorized into agricultural, natural, manufactured, goods of handicrafts or industry, food stuff, and textiles. Bastar Dhokra, Warli Paintings, Darjeeling Tea, Bikaneri Bhujia, Makrana Marble, Meerut Scissors, Kangra Painting, Nagpur Orange, Banaras Brocades and Sarees, and Kashmir Pashmina are some of the examples of GIs.
The promotion of GIs is in line with the Government's "Make in India" campaign since a GI product not only helps in promotion of tourism and cultural heritage, but are major source of livelihood and incomes of our tribal and rural population.
Most of the GI products are created by rural communities/tribes living in remote areas and therefore, supplement the incomes of our rural artisans, weavers, craftsmen and farmers who sell these products in their respective local markets. Marketing of GIs helps in creating a supply chain around the product which in turn offers an increased price for the respective GI product. It not only preserves traditional practices on which the product is based, but also promotes entrepreneurship and tourism in the place of origin of the product.
India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO),
enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration &
Protection)Act, 1999 has come into force with effect from 15th
September 2003. The Act would be administered by the Controller
General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks- who is the Registrar
of Geographical Indications. The Geographical Indications
Registry would be located in Chennai.
For Further information refer: http://www.ipindia.gov.in/gi.htm